ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS OF THE BIBLE:
A BRIEF CRITIQUE
by Dr. John E. Russell
of the Holy Scriptures (1854)
Isaac Leeser translated the Jewish scriptures
in 1854. He had published the Pentateuch earlier as The Law of God,
about 1845. He later revised the Old Testament in 1865.
Jewish School and Family Bible (1861)
A. Benisch translated the Jewish Scriptures
The Holy Scriptures
The Jewish Publication Society of America published this version in 1917. (The Board of Editors had been chosen in 1908). Max L. Margolis served as Editor-in-Chief.
The Authentic New Testament (1955)
This translation is unusual in that the work
was done by a Jewish scholar, Hugh J. Schonfield, and published in 1955.
The word "Authentic" referred to the quality of the New Testament itself
— not that he felt that his translation was the only valid one. It is a
high-quality translation. (Bruce).
A New Translation of the Holy Scriptures
The chairman of this version was H. M. Orlinsky,
who headed a committee of American Jewish scholars. The Pentateuch was
published in 1963 under the name, The Torah: The Five Books of Moses.
It was published by the Jewish Publication Society of America. It uses
twentieth century idiom.
Tanakh: The Holy Scriptures (1985)
This translation is characterized by careful scholarship and proper up-to-date English. The MASORETIC TEXT is used for the translation basis. It is structured on the traditional Jewish divisions of Scripture: Torah, Prophets, and Sacred Writings. It is published by the Jewish Publication Society.
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Copyright © 1995-1997 by Dr. John E. Russell,
Internet Version Copyright © 2001 by Dr. John E. Russell.